How to spot a bad mole?
This morning you take a shower Warm water feels great in winter. There is a funny itchy skin on your back, you look in the mirror, turn this way, there is a little mole on your back, remember this point has been there for many years since childhood. Is there any weird itching at this point?
Recently, you heard the news that there are over 500,000 new cases of skin cancer every year, growing 3% annually.
What happened? Is that small dot behind you out of control?
There are different types of skin tumors. Many people grow slowly Many of them provide a rare spread. Simple removal heals most skin tumors.
Tumors cause big problems.
Melanos = black, oma = tumor
You can detect tumors by examining them yourself. Skin cancer manifests itself more easily than other cancers.
At the same time, you can treat skin cancer through simple surgery. However, this tumor should be caught in its early stages. Late metastasis Your surgeon cannot rule out every spread in your body.
There are many websites for skin cancer self-testing. Just type the word “melanoma” into any search engine, follow the instructions.
White people are more likely to get skin cancer. However, dark skinned people can also develop skin cancer.
Everyone has a mole. Women also use it to flirt. How to know if your mole is dangerous or not?
Danger signs include ABCD:
A- Asymmetry Suspicious moles do not appear round or oval. Often, early tumors look like oddly shaped bumps.
B- Borders, border, irregular, irregular, vague The edge of the blister becomes incised.
C- Color The color of a normal mole should be more or less homogeneous. The color change is very suspicious. There are brown, black, red brown tones. The spotted color is questionable
D-diameter The diameter change is also questionable. Moles larger than 6 mm are questionable. Everyone compares 6mm to a pencil eraser. (Although few people use it extensively) just to know about its borderline size.
In addition to ABCD, there may be other signs of dangerous moles:
E – Expansion and upgrading all the time.
Signs of concern include easy bleeding and a red rash around the birthmark.
The itching and pain on the sides of the birthmark also make you wonder.
A family history of tumors should raise suspicion.
Some skin problems look like tumors But not dangerous However, don’t gamble with them. Even an experienced doctor cannot tell if the lesion is cancerous or not. It’s better to be safe and apologize and check ASAP for troubling changes.
Some rare types of melanoma exist. This is because even though obvious tumors are not always diagnosed on time, the abnormal types will become more dangerous. Often times, doctors deem it too late.
Melanoma under the nail, mucous membrane (Mouth, nose, or intestines) An amelanotic tumor – this one is not even colored.
Treatment is ruled out with margins and a biopsy. But the most important thing is to catch the tumor, knowing that treatment depends on the thickness of the tumor and its distant spread.
A surgeon or dermatologist will cut the tumor, and the pathologist (a specialist in laboratory diagnostics) examines the sample under a microscope.
He categorized the types of tumors. The grade of the tumor gives a clue of your chances of survival.
There are many types
The Breslow classification measures the penetration of lesions into the skin in millimeters, known as> 0.75 mm, already dangerous, but> 4 mm.
4 mm. What is it? It is nothing. right? Take a ruler and check how 1 mm looks and 4 mm.
For this reason, it is important to catch melanoma early.
There is also a Clark classification that measures tumor infiltration in the skin and other layers.
The TNM rating standardized the grading.
You cannot know the grade unless you excise and measure microscopic skin cancer puncture. Not a do-it-yourself project Surgeon and pathologist will do
Development time 1-2 years
Increased frequency of skin cancer. This could be because a lot of people have been damaged by the sun. In addition, other reasons may play a role.
Skin cancer treatments include surgery, chemotherapy, immunotherapy, radiation therapy.